Private Water Supplies in Fife

Fife’s towns and villages are supplied by water from various reservoirs, operated by Scottish Water, in the Lomond Hills. If you live in Fife it’s likely that your water and sewerage services come from Scottish Water, the cost of which is included in your council tax bill.

However, some rural parts of Fife operate on a private water supply. This means that their water comes from a spring, borehole, well, river or loch rather than Scottish Water.

Many properties in Fife are on a private water supply, some of which are known as Regulated Supplies, providing water to residential properties of over 50 occupants, Airbnbs, factories and rented cottages.

New Scottish legislation states that landlords who rent out entire properties or single rooms within a house that uses a private water supply, have a legal duty to ensure the health and safety of their tenants by testing their water supply.

While it’s your responsibility to maintain and manage your private water supply, the quality and quantity of the water provided is monitored by your local council.

Fife Council recommend that any private water supply is risk assessed every 5 years and sampled annually.

If you have a private water supply that has run dry and you require an emergency supply of bottled drinking water, you can contact Fife Council for advice and assistance by emailing

You might be eligible for a private water supply grant providing you meet Scottish Government requirements.

Be aware that grants do not always cover the cost of a suitable treatment system and don’t cover ongoing maintenance.

It’s the law for landlords in Fife, or premises managers, to conduct Legionella Risk Assessments on your holiday lets, Airbnbs or any other residential lettings. Tenants have a right to know they’re drinking from a private water supply and failure to comply with new Scottish Government legislation means you could face hefty fines or imprisonment.

What a Legionella Risk Assessment is:

A Legionella Risk Assessment will find impurities in your water and suggest how to prevent contamination in the first place.

Image of Legionella Bacteria

What a Legionella Risk Assessment isn’t:

A Legionella Risk Assessment won’t fix the risks identified in your water supply. You will need to book further water treatment to ensure your supply is hygienic and safe for human consumption. The Fife Council’s website and HSE provide more information and advice.

Private Water Sampling & Testing In Fife

Businesses and landlords in Dunfermline, Kirkcaldy, St Andrews and Glenrothes are already using PHX for efficient, affordable private water treatment services. We provide Legionella Risk Assessments, Water Testing and Sampling and tank cleaning services in One Simple Package.

Hotels, holiday lets, Airbnbs and domestic properties—90% of customers return to us for remedial works and annual testing to keep their businesses legally complaint.

For peace of mind book a visit from one of our expert engineers today.

PHX Private Water Supply Maintenance

Clean water and peace of mind, always.

PHX Water are experts in handling your
Private Water Supply

PHX Water provides private water supply testing throughout Scotland. We provide Legionella Risk Assessment, Water Tank Cleaning & Disinfection, water testing and private water supply installation.

Our private water supply testing system ensures that the amount of bugs, chemicals, and metals in your water stays below a certain level. This means that your building will comply with Scottish water maintenance laws. It is important to note that a water supply sample can only provide a snapshot of the moment it was taken.

If you have a large, industrial, or commercial private water supply in Scotland you must have it tested once a year.

Here are some of the other services we cover:

  • New private water supply installations, servicing, and upgrades
  • Water tank, pump, filter, and disinfection equipment installation
  • UV sterilisers and chlorine dosing installation
  • Water tank cleaning services to remove sediment and other fouling
  • On-site testing of pH, chlorine, temperature, conductivity, and dissolved soils

Our Private Water Supply Risk Assessment Process

No more sleepless nights worrying about your private water supply. Our expert team are here for you, even in an emergency.

Complete our contact form or call 01738 472149 to receive a quotation


One of our friendly team will confirm a date and estimated time of arrival for your appointment.

Your Appointment

An engineer will be with you on your scheduled date, with a curtesy call to confirm they’re on route.

Risk Assessment

An engineer will risk assess your water system as outlined above.

Report & Support

You’ll be provided an easy to understand report and digital logbook to manage your ongoing water treatment needs.

Aberdeenshire Private Water Supply FAQs

Yes, PHX work with customers all over Fife including Dunfermline, Kirkcaldy, St Andrews and Glenrothes and more. Get in touch for a free consultation with one of our friendly members of staff.

If you’re a landlord or own commercial properties in Fife that feed on private water supplies, you have a legal responsibility to test the water. A risk assessment isn’t necessary if your private water supply is for a domestic property, although you do have a duty of care towards those in your household who use the water supply.

Any property in Fife not served by Scottish Water will be on a private water supply. This means water comes to your property from a borehole, spring, well, burn or loch.

Many remote parts of Scotland, such as the Highlands and Islands, rely on private water supplies for their drinking water. Roughly 3% of Scots’ water comes from a spring or borehole instead of being provided by Scottish Water. It’s the responsibility of property owners to regularly test their water supply to ensure it’s safe to drink.

In Scotland, private water supplies are defined as those that are not provided by Scottish Water. Private water supplies are either commercial or domestic and there’s different rules for each.

If carefully managed, a high standard of drinking water can be maintained from a private supply. However, there are serious health risks if water treatment is neglected. E-coli, Legionella and other harmful bacteria can easily breed in dirty water tanks if you’re not careful.

The ‘Water Intended for Human Consumption (Private Supplies) (Scotland) Regulations 2017’ came into effect in 2017. These new regulations require private water supplies to be risk assessed once every 5 years and sampled annually. Your local council can carry out a risk assessment and will charge you for this service.

Small domestic water supplies, where all the properties are owner occupied, are exempt from these new regulations.

On a private water supply you might run low or run out of water completely. Scottish Water can provide you with water in such emergencies and you’ll have to arrange this with your local council. If you think something is wrong with your current supply don’t drink the water. Use bottled water and wait until a professional has identified the source of the problem.

Areas We Cover

Legionella Risk Assessment

Water Tank Cleaning

Contact Us

Get In Touch With Us

Our opening hours are 8am-4.30pm Monday to Friday. 

Please call us on +44 (0) 1738 231670 or complete the form below. Should your enquiry be urgent, please call our emergency number +44 (0) 7503 343328.

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